Ate specificity and biochemical propertiesM. agalactiae SNaseof the purified recombinant protein

Ate specificity and MedChemExpress POR8 biochemical propertiesM. agalactiae SNaseof the purified recombinant protein (rGST-MAG_5040) were examined. Recombinant cleaved MAG_5040 was also used to detect specific antibodies during different stages of infection in the natural hosts (sheep and goats), and to determine its reactivity with hyperimmune sera raised against selected mycoplasma species, as a preliminary investigation of potential SNase homologues expressed in other Mycoplasma species.Materials and Methods Ethics StatementThis study was approved by the ethics committee of the University of Sassari. Blood sampling and pharmacological treatment of infected animals were operated by a veterinary practitioner authorized by the National Health System, after obtaining permission from the sheep owner. Animals where moved and transported by the shepherd during routine management of the flock in accordance with D.P.R. 8 Febbraio 1954, n. 320. Rabbit hyperimmune sera were kindly provided in 1996 by E.A. Freundt (Institute of Medical Microbiology, University of Aarhus, Denmark).In silico AnalysesThe M. agalactiae MAG_5040 protein sequence (YP_001256642) was submitted to BLASTP [20], and 8 sequences representative of 5 of the 8 mycoplasma clusters of the M. hominis group were selected. Sequences of the M. sualvi, M. lipophilum, and M. equigenitalium clusters were not available, since the genomes of these mycoplasmas have not yet been sequenced. Regions flanking MAG_5040 homologs were also investigated by homology search in the 8 mycoplasmas. These analyses were extended to three additional sequences selected outside the M. hominis group (M. genitalium and M. pulmonis) and outside mycoplasmas (S. aureus subspecies aureus). MAG_5040 protein sequence was aligned to the homologues sequences identified in M. bovis (YP_006471195), M. fermentans (YP_004136712), M. synoviae (YP_278410), M. 56-59-7 hyorhinis (YP_003856075), M. hyopneumoniae (YP_115890), M. ovipneumoniae (ZP_09312358), M. pulmonis (NP_325856), M. hominis (YP_003302610), M. genitalium (NP_072849), M. pneumoniae (NP_109821), and S. aureus (YP_001316549) by CLUSTALW [21]. Genetic distances among the operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were computed using the Equal Input method [22] and were used to construct neighbor-joining (NJ) trees [23]. Genetic distances and trees were calculated using MEGA5 [24]. MAG_5040 putative lipoprotein cleavage site and conserved domains were identified with LipoP [25] and PROSITE scan [26], respectively. MAG_5030 and MAG_5080 3D modeling and structures were investigated by using the Protein Homology/ analogY Recognition Engine (Phyre) V 2.0 [27].the signal peptide (amino acids 1 to 25) was amplified with primers MAG_5040/BamHI/F and MAG_5040/EcoRI/R (Table S1). PCR recipe and cycling conditions were set according to vendor recommendations for PlatinumHPfx DNA Polymerase (Invitrogen). The PCR product was resolved by agarose gel electrophoresis and purified with the QIAquick Gel Extraction kit (Qiagen), digested with BamHI and EcoRI, and ligated with the Rapid DNA Dephos Ligation Kit (Roche) to a pGEX-2T vector (GE Healthcare), previously digested with the same enzymes. One Shot TOP10 Chemically Competent E. coli (Invitrogen) were transformed with the ligation product, and clones containing the recombinant vector (pGEX-2T/MAG_5040) were selected for ampicillin resistance. pGEX-2T/MAG_5040 was purified with the PureLinkTM Quick Plasmid Miniprep Kit (Invitrogen). Automated Sanger sequencing.Ate specificity and biochemical propertiesM. agalactiae SNaseof the purified recombinant protein (rGST-MAG_5040) were examined. Recombinant cleaved MAG_5040 was also used to detect specific antibodies during different stages of infection in the natural hosts (sheep and goats), and to determine its reactivity with hyperimmune sera raised against selected mycoplasma species, as a preliminary investigation of potential SNase homologues expressed in other Mycoplasma species.Materials and Methods Ethics StatementThis study was approved by the ethics committee of the University of Sassari. Blood sampling and pharmacological treatment of infected animals were operated by a veterinary practitioner authorized by the National Health System, after obtaining permission from the sheep owner. Animals where moved and transported by the shepherd during routine management of the flock in accordance with D.P.R. 8 Febbraio 1954, n. 320. Rabbit hyperimmune sera were kindly provided in 1996 by E.A. Freundt (Institute of Medical Microbiology, University of Aarhus, Denmark).In silico AnalysesThe M. agalactiae MAG_5040 protein sequence (YP_001256642) was submitted to BLASTP [20], and 8 sequences representative of 5 of the 8 mycoplasma clusters of the M. hominis group were selected. Sequences of the M. sualvi, M. lipophilum, and M. equigenitalium clusters were not available, since the genomes of these mycoplasmas have not yet been sequenced. Regions flanking MAG_5040 homologs were also investigated by homology search in the 8 mycoplasmas. These analyses were extended to three additional sequences selected outside the M. hominis group (M. genitalium and M. pulmonis) and outside mycoplasmas (S. aureus subspecies aureus). MAG_5040 protein sequence was aligned to the homologues sequences identified in M. bovis (YP_006471195), M. fermentans (YP_004136712), M. synoviae (YP_278410), M. hyorhinis (YP_003856075), M. hyopneumoniae (YP_115890), M. ovipneumoniae (ZP_09312358), M. pulmonis (NP_325856), M. hominis (YP_003302610), M. genitalium (NP_072849), M. pneumoniae (NP_109821), and S. aureus (YP_001316549) by CLUSTALW [21]. Genetic distances among the operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were computed using the Equal Input method [22] and were used to construct neighbor-joining (NJ) trees [23]. Genetic distances and trees were calculated using MEGA5 [24]. MAG_5040 putative lipoprotein cleavage site and conserved domains were identified with LipoP [25] and PROSITE scan [26], respectively. MAG_5030 and MAG_5080 3D modeling and structures were investigated by using the Protein Homology/ analogY Recognition Engine (Phyre) V 2.0 [27].the signal peptide (amino acids 1 to 25) was amplified with primers MAG_5040/BamHI/F and MAG_5040/EcoRI/R (Table S1). PCR recipe and cycling conditions were set according to vendor recommendations for PlatinumHPfx DNA Polymerase (Invitrogen). The PCR product was resolved by agarose gel electrophoresis and purified with the QIAquick Gel Extraction kit (Qiagen), digested with BamHI and EcoRI, and ligated with the Rapid DNA Dephos Ligation Kit (Roche) to a pGEX-2T vector (GE Healthcare), previously digested with the same enzymes. One Shot TOP10 Chemically Competent E. coli (Invitrogen) were transformed with the ligation product, and clones containing the recombinant vector (pGEX-2T/MAG_5040) were selected for ampicillin resistance. pGEX-2T/MAG_5040 was purified with the PureLinkTM Quick Plasmid Miniprep Kit (Invitrogen). Automated Sanger sequencing.

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