Trogen). G345 is generated by replacing exons 3-4-5 cDNA sequence

Trogen). G345 is generated by replacing exons 3-4-5 cDNA sequence in FLc with the corresponding genomic DNA fragment. Deletion constructs del5, del4, del3, del2 and del1 are derivatives of G345, being created by overlap extension PCR [22]. Two DNA subfragments were separately amplified: a) the 59 piece extending from the beginning of the G345 construct to 680 bp downstream of exon 4, and b) the 39 piece extending from the selected sequence in intron 4 to the end of the G345 construct. Overlapping ends were created by primer design. Joining of fragments was performed by mixing equimolar ratio of DNA fragments in standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using HiFi Taq DNA polymerase (Invitrogen) in the absence of primers and run for 7 cycles at 94uC for 30 s and 72uC for 4 min. The assembled fragment was further 256373-96-3 supplier amplified in the presence of forward and reverse primers for 30 cycles, and then cloned into pcDNA3. The end products are constructs that have selective internal intron 4 deletion, each carried 680 bp of upstream intronic sequence joined to a specified downstream intronic sequence. These are 489 bp (del5), 361 (del4), 263 bp (del3), 198 bp (del2) and 84 bp (del1) sequences upstream of exon 5. The deleted protions are calculated to be 983 bp, 1111 bp, 1209 bp, 1274 bp and 1388 bp respectively. Mutagenized HAS1 intron 3 (G1?8 m) was custom made by minigene synthesis (Mr.Gene). Constructs G345/G1?8 m and del1/G1?8 m were generated by overlap extension PCR ofAnalysis of Recurrent Mutations in HAS1 IntronGenomic DNA was prepared from PBMC using Trizol reagent (Invitrogen). HAS1 intron 3 region was amplified from 50 ng genomic DNA using 59outer SNPs/39exon4 primer set at 94uC for Table 1. Summary of primer sequences.Primer E3 E5 E5I4 59Vb-specific 59outer SNPs 39exon 4 HAS1seq59 HAS1seq39 b2m b2mOrientation sense antisense antisense sense sense antisense sense antisense sense antisenseSequence 59GGGCTTGTCAGAGCTACT T39 59AGGGCGTCTCTGAGTAGCAG 39 59CTGGAGGTGTACCTGCACGGGGGC39 59GCGGTCCTCTAGAATCCTGCCCAG39 59TGTTCAGATCGGTTGCAGAGT39 59CATGCACACACGCTAGGATA39 59GGGGTCTGTGCTGATCCTGG39 59AACTGCTGCAAGAGGTTATTCC39 59CCAGCAGAGAATGGAAAGTC39 59GATGCTGCTTACATGTCTCGdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053469.tIntronic Changes Alter HAS1 Splicing30 s, 60uC for 30 s, and 72uC for 30 s for 35 cycles. The amplicon was treated with ExoSAP-IT reagent (USB) to remove excess primers and deoxyribonucleotides and subjected to direct sequencing using HAS1seq59 or HAS1seq39 primer and BigDye Terminator v3.1 (Applied Biosystems). Sequencing reaction was run on an ABI Prism 3130xl Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems) and data were analyzed by DNA Sequencing Analysis Software v5.1 and SeqScape Software v2.5. Primer sequences are summarized in Table 1. Polymerase error rate in this study is shown to be less than 1 in 14,000 bp.Results 1. In vitro Analysis of Minigene Construct Characterizes Alternative Splicing of Human HASHAS1 splicing analysis has been established in a mammalian expression system where splicing products can be assessed by RTPCR. Transient expression driven by the HAS1 minigene G345 construct (Figure 1A) yielded mainly full-length transcripts (FL) and varieties of alternatively spliced products similar to those found in ex vivo analysis [19] including a newly identified isoform termed HAS1Vd. Among HAS1 splice 47931-85-1 chemical information variants, Va (exon 4 skipped) is the most abundant, being detected along with FL on agarose gel when E3/E5 primer set was used (Figure 1B). Other variants.Trogen). G345 is generated by replacing exons 3-4-5 cDNA sequence in FLc with the corresponding genomic DNA fragment. Deletion constructs del5, del4, del3, del2 and del1 are derivatives of G345, being created by overlap extension PCR [22]. Two DNA subfragments were separately amplified: a) the 59 piece extending from the beginning of the G345 construct to 680 bp downstream of exon 4, and b) the 39 piece extending from the selected sequence in intron 4 to the end of the G345 construct. Overlapping ends were created by primer design. Joining of fragments was performed by mixing equimolar ratio of DNA fragments in standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using HiFi Taq DNA polymerase (Invitrogen) in the absence of primers and run for 7 cycles at 94uC for 30 s and 72uC for 4 min. The assembled fragment was further amplified in the presence of forward and reverse primers for 30 cycles, and then cloned into pcDNA3. The end products are constructs that have selective internal intron 4 deletion, each carried 680 bp of upstream intronic sequence joined to a specified downstream intronic sequence. These are 489 bp (del5), 361 (del4), 263 bp (del3), 198 bp (del2) and 84 bp (del1) sequences upstream of exon 5. The deleted protions are calculated to be 983 bp, 1111 bp, 1209 bp, 1274 bp and 1388 bp respectively. Mutagenized HAS1 intron 3 (G1?8 m) was custom made by minigene synthesis (Mr.Gene). Constructs G345/G1?8 m and del1/G1?8 m were generated by overlap extension PCR ofAnalysis of Recurrent Mutations in HAS1 IntronGenomic DNA was prepared from PBMC using Trizol reagent (Invitrogen). HAS1 intron 3 region was amplified from 50 ng genomic DNA using 59outer SNPs/39exon4 primer set at 94uC for Table 1. Summary of primer sequences.Primer E3 E5 E5I4 59Vb-specific 59outer SNPs 39exon 4 HAS1seq59 HAS1seq39 b2m b2mOrientation sense antisense antisense sense sense antisense sense antisense sense antisenseSequence 59GGGCTTGTCAGAGCTACT T39 59AGGGCGTCTCTGAGTAGCAG 39 59CTGGAGGTGTACCTGCACGGGGGC39 59GCGGTCCTCTAGAATCCTGCCCAG39 59TGTTCAGATCGGTTGCAGAGT39 59CATGCACACACGCTAGGATA39 59GGGGTCTGTGCTGATCCTGG39 59AACTGCTGCAAGAGGTTATTCC39 59CCAGCAGAGAATGGAAAGTC39 59GATGCTGCTTACATGTCTCGdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053469.tIntronic Changes Alter HAS1 Splicing30 s, 60uC for 30 s, and 72uC for 30 s for 35 cycles. The amplicon was treated with ExoSAP-IT reagent (USB) to remove excess primers and deoxyribonucleotides and subjected to direct sequencing using HAS1seq59 or HAS1seq39 primer and BigDye Terminator v3.1 (Applied Biosystems). Sequencing reaction was run on an ABI Prism 3130xl Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems) and data were analyzed by DNA Sequencing Analysis Software v5.1 and SeqScape Software v2.5. Primer sequences are summarized in Table 1. Polymerase error rate in this study is shown to be less than 1 in 14,000 bp.Results 1. In vitro Analysis of Minigene Construct Characterizes Alternative Splicing of Human HASHAS1 splicing analysis has been established in a mammalian expression system where splicing products can be assessed by RTPCR. Transient expression driven by the HAS1 minigene G345 construct (Figure 1A) yielded mainly full-length transcripts (FL) and varieties of alternatively spliced products similar to those found in ex vivo analysis [19] including a newly identified isoform termed HAS1Vd. Among HAS1 splice variants, Va (exon 4 skipped) is the most abundant, being detected along with FL on agarose gel when E3/E5 primer set was used (Figure 1B). Other variants.

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