Ng to their decomposition within the soil inside a quick period. Nevertheless, the use of natural SLs for decomposition in soil will not look a realistic option since the synthesis of these compounds is very labourious. More not too long ago, genetic engineering has supplied the guarantee of quickly reaching resistance against Striga spp. Recent findings have shown that RNAs freely translocate in between parasitic plants and their hosts (Kim Westwood, 2015). Thistranslocation suggests a possibility that RNA-interference (RNAi) might be made use of as a possible tool to interfere in vital processes within the parasite by transforming the host with an RNAi construct that targets gene sequences certain towards the parasite (Shayanowako et al., 2017). This method is constrained by the lack of genes to target for silencing at the same time as by the delivery of iRNAs into the parasite (Kirigia et al., 2014). This constrain can be overcome working with viral induced gene silencing (VIGS). Working with a Tobacco Rattle Virus (TRV) VIGS method, Kirigia et al. (2014) have shown that this technique operates in S. hermonthica and has been verified as a valuable technique for candidate gene validation either in parasite improvement or parasitism, for the improvement of resistant transgenic maize.3|G E N E TI C S R E S I S TA N C E M EC H A N I S M S TO St r i g a I N M A IZE 3.1|Resistance mechanism to Striga in maizeStriga resistance mechanisms act either just before (preattachment) or after physical get in touch with with all the host (postattachment). Preattachment resistance (Figure 4a) occurs when a host produces low amounts of strigolactones or when Striga receptors that NOP Receptor/ORL1 Source perceive germinationYACOUBOU et Al.|TA B L E 1 Striga management approaches utilized in African countriesMethods Manual weeding Crop rotation Aspects in favour of handle possibilities Reduction of Striga seed bank, effortless to implement Boost soil fertility, reduction of Striga seed bank Reduction of Striga seed bank if performed ahead of flowering, enhance in yield Offer livestock feed, reduction of Striga seed bank, manage of stem borer, improvement of soil fertility Increase in yield, improvement of soil fertility, reduction of Striga incidence Reduction of Striga seed bank, improve soil fertility, provide extra earnings Enhance in yield, easy to implement, Reduction of Striga incidence Increase in yield, Trk Receptor custom synthesis Straightforward to implement, reduction of Striga incidence, boost soil fertility Straightforward to implement, high crop yield Reduction of Striga seed bank Reduction of Striga emergence, improvement of crop yield Reduction of Striga incidence, improve yield, give livestock fed Suppressing emergence and fecundity, germination and photosynthetic inhibition Setbacks for control alternatives Yield benefit is not quick, labour intensive Advantage accruement calls for time, expensive as per household meals Inappropriate disposal increases seed bank References Babiker (2007), Ayongwa et al. (2010) Carsky et al.(2000), Manyong et al. (2008) Jamil et al. (2011), Oswald (2005)Hand pullingPush and pullCostly to implement initially, advantage accruement needs time, trap crop utilized uneconomical Pricey to implement, labour Intensive Labour intensive, trap crop utilised uneconomical Acquire of seed just about every season is expensive Might not be simple to implement Boost pests, labour intensiveKhan et al. (2010), Hailu et al. (2018)Fertilizer Application (N and P) Intercropping with Legumes Seed dressing (herbicide) Compost applicationJamil et al. (2012)Bilalis et al. (2010), Ibrahim et al. (2014),.